Justin Bieber reveals he has Ramsay Hunt syndrome (Video)
Justin Bieber stated on Friday that he will be taking a break from performing due to facial paralysis on one side caused by Ramsay Hunt syndrome
The musician stated that he has Ramsay Hunt syndrome, which has left him unable to move half of his face and unable to perform on stage, in a video shared to his verified Instagram account.
“It is from this virus that attacks the nerve in my ear and my facial nerves and has caused my face to have paralysis,” he said in the video. “As you can see this eye is not blinking. I can’t smile on this side of my face; this nostril will not move. So there’s full paralysis on this side of my face.”
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Ramsay Hunt syndrome, according to the Mayo Clinic, is a genetic disorder “When a shingles outbreak impacts the facial nerve near one of your ears, it’s known as shingles. Ramsay Hunt syndrome can include facial paralysis and hearing loss in the afflicted ear, in addition to the painful shingles rash.”
Bieber responded to fans who were disappointed by his previous performance cancellations by saying he’s “physically, obviously, not capable of doing them.”
“This is pretty serious, as you can see. I wish this wasn’t the case, but, obviously, my body’s telling me I’ve got to slow down,” he said. “I hope you guys understand. I’ll be using this time to just rest and relax and get back to a hundred percent so that I can do what I was born to do.”
He thanked his fans for being patient, said he’s been doing facial exercises to help. He said he doesn’t know how long it will take for him to recover, but earlier this week, it was announced that three of his upcoming performances were postponed.
“It’s going to be ok,,” he said. “I have hope, and I trust God.”
Hailey Bieber, his wife, was hospitalized in March owing to a minor blood clot in her brain.
The model later revealed that she had a mini-stroke as a result of a small hole in her heart, from which a blood clot migrated to her brain.
She had surgery to seal the hole, which she estimated to be between 12 and 13 millimeters in diameter.
What is Ramsay Hunt Syndrome?
Ramsay Hunt syndrome is a type of facial paralysis caused by inflammation of the facial nerve (also known as the seventh cranial nerve). The facial nerve controls movements on one side of your face and may cause any combination of these symptoms:
Tingling or burning sensations in your ear, nose or cheek on one side of your face
Redness and swelling around your eye on that side
Pain behind your ear on that side
A droopy eyelid on that side
A droopy corner of your mouth on that side
The symptoms usually come on suddenly, but sometimes develop over several days.
What causes Ramsay Hunt syndrome?
The cause of Ramsay Hunt syndrome isn’t known, but it may be linked to infection or virus-related diseases like mumps or herpes zoster (shingles). The condition isn’t contagious and can’t be passed on to anyone else.
Who develops Ramsay Hunt syndrome?
Ramsay Hunt syndrome affects about one in every 100,000 people every year in the UK. It’s slightly more common in men than women.
Ramsay Hunt syndrome may be divided into two categories:
Acute Ramsay Hunt syndrome is characterized by sudden onset of facial paralysis, ear pain, and vertigo (dizziness or spinning sensation). The symptoms can last for weeks to months or longer.
Chronic Ramsay Hunt syndrome occurs when the facial nerve is damaged over time. The resulting nerve damage can cause hearing loss or other problems with facial muscles.
Types of Ramsay Hunt syndrome
There are two main types of Ramsay Hunt syndrome: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is usually associated with herpes zoster infection (also known as shingles) in adults 20 – 40 age who have had chickenpox at some point in their lives. It can also be caused by an autoimmune reaction or cancer treatment. In most cases, the symptoms resolve on their own after several weeks or months but may last longer if they are severe enough.
Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 1
Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 1 is a rare disorder. It causes facial paralysis and other problems such as hearing loss and vertigo (dizziness).
The condition usually affects people between the ages of 20 and 40. It’s more common in people who have had mumps, although it can occur in younger children and older people too.
Symptoms of Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 1
The most common symptoms are:
facial nerve paralysis on one side of the face, which causes drooping eyelids, difficulty closing the eye and difficulty frowning or smiling on that side of the face
a tingling feeling in the ear on one side – this may be accompanied by pain when chewing or swallowing food on that side
loss of hearing due to damage to the auditory nerve (which runs through the same part of your brain as the facial nerve)
hoarseness in your voice
Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 2
Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 2 is a very rare condition that affects the facial nerve. It can cause pain, paralysis and tingling in the face.
In Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 2, the facial nerve becomes inflamed near its exit point from the brainstem (at the hindbrain). The facial nerve exits at this point on each side of your head, just behind your ear. It then passes through a bony canal called the facial canal. This canal protects the delicate nerve as it travels to your face.
The inflammation causes pressure in the canal, which leads to swelling of the nerve and sometimes compression of parts of it. This can cause problems with how you feel and how well you hear and taste things.
Ramsay Hunt syndrome type 2 isn’t contagious. It can affect both men and women of any age but usually starts between ages 30 and 50 years old.
The signs and symptoms of RHS type 2 include:
partial or complete facial paralysis on one side of the face, including drooping eyelid (ptosis) and loss of muscle tone (hypotrophy)
hearing loss in one ear (usually caused by inflammation of the inner ear)
pain in the ear, which may be severe
Symptoms of Ramsay Hunt syndrome include:
A “butterfly” rash on the cheeks, around the eyes and on the bridge of the nose
- Pain in your ear that worsens when you chew or swallow food
- Paralysis of one side or both sides of your face
- Numbness in your cheek and a loss of feeling in one or both ears
How long does Ramsay Hunt syndrome last?
What is the difference between shingles and Ramsay Hunt syndrome?
Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) is a rare disorder that causes facial paralysis and hearing loss.
Shingles is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV). The virus lies dormant in your body, but it can become active again years later as shingles. It causes a rash of painful, fluid-filled blisters on one side of the body or face. The rash develops a few days after you’ve been in contact with someone who has chickenpox. You’re most likely to get it if you were born before 1969, when the chickenpox vaccine became available.
People with Ramsay Hunt syndrome have had chickenpox — a highly contagious disease that’s caused by VZV — in the past. And people who get chickenpox are at risk for getting shingles later in life.
Is Ramsay Hunt syndrome curable?
Ramsay Hunt syndrome is not curable. However, the symptoms can be controlled with medication, and complications can be treated.
Corticosteroids, or steroids, are commonly used to treat Ramsay Hunt syndrome. These medicines reduce swelling, inflammation, and pain. They come in many forms, including pills and shots.
Antihistamines may also be used to control symptoms of Ramsay Hunt syndrome. Antihistamines block histamine receptors in your body, which help reduce swelling and itching.
If you have Ramsay Hunt syndrome, you’ll need to take antibiotics to treat any infections that may develop in your ear canal or sinuses, according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD).
In most cases, Ramsay Hunt syndrome goes away on its own within six months to two years. But it may take longer if there are complications such as difficulty swallowing or problems with balance.